NutritionNutrition

3,3

 

million

children live in households where there is child hunger
Nutrition is particularly important for children because they are still growing and developing. Parents and families have the primary duty to make sure that their children have food. The government has a duty to support parents in feeding their children if they are unable to do so.

Indicators for Demography

Children living in households where there is child hunger

This indicator shows the number and proportion of children living in households where children were reported to go hungry 'sometimes', 'often' or 'always' because there wasn't enough food.

Children whose growth is stunted

This indicator refers to children aged 6 months to 9 years, whose height is below the mean height for their age. It distinguishes between children who are stunted and severely stunted.

Wasting in children

This indicator refers to children aged 6 months to 5 years whose weight is below the mean weight for their height, i.e., children who are wasted and severely wasted.

Children who are underweight

This indicator refers to children aged 6 months to 9 years, whose weight is below the mean weight for their age. It distinguishes between children who are underweight and severely underweight.

Low birth-weight

The low birth-weight rate refers to the proportion of babies born alive who weigh less than 2,500g at birth.

Proportion of children who are iron deficient

This indicator reflects the percentage of children aged 1 - 9 years who are iron deficient or suffer from anaemia due to iron deficiency.

Proportion of children who are vitamin A deficient

This indicator refers to the percentage of children aged 1 - 9 years who suffer from vitamin A deficiency. The data reflects that vitamin A deficiency among children is a growing public health problem in South Africa.